Types of verbs Explanation and Quiz

Check your comprehension. Answer all the questions.


Notes on Verbs in English

Verbs in English

Verbs are words that express actions, states, or occurrences. They are a central component of sentences and are necessary to convey the action or state of the subject.

Types of Verbs

Action Verbs: These verbs describe physical or mental actions. For example, run, jump, think.

  • She runs every morning.
  • He thinks deeply about the issue.
  • They jumped over the fence.
Stative Verbs: These verbs describe a state or condition rather than an action. Examples include be, seem, know.

  • She is a teacher.
  • He seems happy.
  • I know the answer.

Main and Auxiliary Verbs

Verbs can also be categorized as main verbs or auxiliary verbs.

Main Verbs: These verbs have meaning on their own and can function independently in a sentence. For instance, eat, sleep, play.

  • She eats breakfast at 8 AM.
  • They play soccer on weekends.
  • He sleeps for eight hours.
Auxiliary Verbs: Also known as helping verbs, they accompany main verbs to form different tenses, moods, or voices. Examples include be, have, do.

  • She is eating lunch. (Present Continuous)
  • They have played the game. (Present Perfect)
  • He does not like spinach. (Negative Sentence)

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Verbs can be transitive or intransitive, depending on whether they require an object to complete their meaning.

Transitive Verbs: These verbs require a direct object to complete their meaning. For example, throw, eat, find.

  • She threw the ball.
  • He ate an apple.
  • They found the key.
Intransitive Verbs: These verbs do not require a direct object. Examples include arrive, go, sleep.

  • She arrived early.
  • They went home.
  • He sleeps peacefully.

Regular and Irregular Verbs

Verbs can also be classified as regular or irregular based on how they form their past tense and past participle forms.

Regular Verbs: These verbs form their past tense by adding -ed or -d to the base form. For example, walk becomes walked.

  • She walked to the store.
  • They played a game.
  • He worked all day.
Irregular Verbs: These verbs do not follow a consistent pattern in forming their past tense. Examples include go (went), eat (ate), see (saw).

  • She went to the market.
  • They ate dinner.
  • He saw a movie.

Tenses of Verbs

Verb tenses indicate the time of the action or state. There are three primary tenses: past, present, and future, each with four aspects (simple, continuous, perfect, and perfect continuous).

Simple Tenses:

  • Present Simple: She walks to school.
  • Past Simple: She walked to school.
  • Future Simple: She will walk to school.
Continuous Tenses:

  • Present Continuous: She is walking to school.
  • Past Continuous: She was walking to school.
  • Future Continuous: She will be walking to school.
Perfect Tenses:

  • Present Perfect: She has walked to school.
  • Past Perfect: She had walked to school.
  • Future Perfect: She will have walked to school.
Perfect Continuous Tenses:

  • Present Perfect Continuous: She has been walking to school.
  • Past Perfect Continuous: She had been walking to school.
  • Future Perfect Continuous: She will have been walking to school.

Voice: Active and Passive

Verbs can be in the active or passive voice, depending on whether the subject performs or receives the action.

Active Voice: The subject performs the action. For example, The cat chased the mouse.

The chef cooked the meal.

Passive Voice: The subject receives the action. For example, The mouse was chased by the cat.

The meal was cooked by the chef.

Modal Verbs

Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that express necessity, possibility, permission, or ability. Examples include can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.


  • She can speak multiple languages. (Ability)
  • He might come to the party. (Possibility)
  • They must finish their homework. (Necessity)

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